Retirement planning

Most retirement plans fall into one of two major categories:

Defined benefit plans

Commonly known as pension plans, defined benefit plans require employers to pay a fixed annual amount to eligible employees during their retirement years. They allow employers a high degree of tax savings, and in good times, favorable growth rates can reduce or eliminate the employer’s contribution. However, they can be costly to administer and may require higher contributions in times of poor or negative investment returns. Because of the high costs to employers, defined benefit plans are few and far between today. The trend has been toward defined contribution plans, where employees assume a much greater responsibility for contributing to their retirement savings.

Defined Contribution plans

These plans allow employers and employees to contribute a set amount or percentage of pay, and retirement benefits are based on the actual performance of the funds. These plans give the employer better cost control as the contribution is defined. The amount an employee can contribute is based on a percentage of their salary up to a maximum amount defined by law. Defined contribution plans can take many forms, including:

401(k) and Profit-Sharing Plans
401(k) plans help employees save for retirement by allowing them to set aside a portion of their salary that is often matched in whole or in part by their employers. The employee is not taxed on this income until withdrawals are made, and the employer’s cost is a tax-deductible business expense. Employees can select the investment vehicles into which their funds are deposited. Retirement benefits are not guaranteed, however, and while the sum at age 65 may be substantial, it can also be much less if the employee has made poor investment choices or the stock and bond markets have not performed as well as expected. Employees can borrow from their 401(k) plans for education, a new home, a medical emergency etc., although the loan must be repaid within a certain specified period of time. Sometimes employers elect to integrate the 401(k) plan with a discretionary profit sharing plan that can increase the employer’s retirement contribution for employees. 
SIMPLE Plans
This option for companies with 100 or fewer employees who do not maintain any other retirement plan. It allows an employee to contribute a percentage of his or her salary up to a fixed maximum to an Individual Retirement Account (IRA). The employer may also make contributions on a fixed or matching basis, which are tax deductible. SIMPLE plans are easy to set up, require minimal paperwork and have low administrative costs. Plus, employees retain their SIMPLE account even if they change jobs.
Simplified Employee Pensions (SEPs)
Created with the small-business owner in mind, SEPs allow employers to set up IRAs for themselves and their employees. The employer contributes a percentage of each employee’s salary each year, up to a fixed maximum. SEPs have low administrative costs, and can even be started by those who are self-employed. Since the business owner can decide how much to contribute each year, this type of plan is often the answer for businesses that may want to adjust their contribution based on the health of the business.
Payroll Deduction IRAs

This type of plan, which requires no employer contribution, is designed solely to help employees fund their IRAs. Employers set up a payroll deduction system that allows employees to regularly contribute to their IRAs. Contributions are tax-deductible to the employee, just as they would be with traditional IRA contributions.

Additional financial products and services to consider in your retirement planning:

  • Medicare supplement
  • Long-term care insurance
  • Retirement distribution strategies
  • Comprehensive estate planning

To learn more about retirement plan options, please contact DBIC today to schedule a free consultation with one of our retirement planning experts.

 

 

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Milwaukie, Oregon 97222
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Dentists Benefits Insurance Company (DBIC) is a property and casualty insurance carrier
that writes professional liability, general liability and property coverage in Oregon, Alaska,
Arizona, Montana and Tennessee.

Dentists Benefits Corporation (DBC) is a full service commercial agency that brokers DBIC
policies and ancillary coverages (e.g. data breach, workers’ comp, disability, life and health).